China to Conduct Survey on Population Changes Amidst Declining Birth Rate and First Population Drop in Six Decades
China is set to conduct a massive survey on population changes, covering a sample of 1.4 million people. The survey comes at a crucial time as China is grappling with a declining birth rate and recently experienced its first population drop in over six decades.
The survey will encompass both urban and rural areas and will be based on a sample of 500,000 households. Its primary objective is to monitor population developmental changes and provide valuable insights for formulating national economic, social development, and population policies.
This survey follows China’s last census, conducted in 2020, which revealed a slow population growth rate compared to the 1950s. The declining birth rate and concerns surrounding the challenges of raising children have been widely debated in Chinese media.
Various factors contribute to the reluctance in having children, including high childcare costs, women’s career challenges, gender discrimination, and traditional stereotypes. To address these concerns, authorities have initiated campaigns promoting shared responsibility in child rearing. However, paternity leave remains limited in most provinces, hindering progress in achieving more equal division of childcare responsibilities.
China’s population recently witnessed a decrease of approximately 850,000 people, marking the first decline since 1961. In light of this demographic shift, the upcoming survey aims to gather crucial data for policy-making and help address population-related challenges in China.
The survey is scheduled to run for approximately two weeks, from November 1 to November 15. Its outcomes are expected to provide valuable information that will aid in shaping effective policies to tackle the ongoing population crisis.
As China navigates this critical period of changing population dynamics, the survey’s results are anticipated to offer valuable insights that will serve as a foundation for informed decision-making and help ensure a sustainable and prosperous future for the nation.
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